User instructions for collection kit:

Leaflet –  User instructions


Published technical papers

List – List of papers


Standard operating procedures (SOP) for sample preparation and lab analysis:

Document – send your request for SOP from this website’s  ‘CONTACT’ page.


Proof of concept, method characterisation and validation (prohibited substances in sports):

Paper – March 2019. ‘Does oral fluid contribute to exhaled breath samples collected by means of an electret membrane?’ 

Paper –  May 2017. ‘Expanding Analytical Options in Sports Drug Testing: Mass Spectrometric Detection of Prohibited Substances in Exhaled Breath’.

Paper – Oct. 2016. ‘Sports drug testing using complementary matrices: Advantages and limitations.’ 


Method validation and application (drugs of abuse):

Paper – Oct 2017. ‘A liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry method to determine 28 non-volatile drugs of abuse in exhaled breath’.

Paper – Mar 2015. ‘Method validation and application of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for drugs of abuse testing in exhaled breath’.

Paper – Nov 2013. ‘Cannabinoids in Exhaled Breath following Controlled Administration of Smoked Cannabis’.


Elsevier Connect:

Article – Researchers develop first fully validated method of detecting drugs of abuse in exhaled breath.


NIDA Notes:

Article – Device detects marijuana in breath hours after smoking. 



List – Answers to frequently asked questions.

FAQ List